STEMinism in India
STEMinism in India (SII) is a grassroots project in India to raise awareness around Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields, using feminist approaches to bridge gender gaps in STEM. SII is building the capacity of young girls, engaging them in STEM subjects, through an interactive way of project-based learning, active learning and gamification methodologies.
In modern India, as we witness the growing opportunities in the STEM fields, women in India continue to be under-represented. An under-representation of women in the STEM sectors is a paradoxical challenge for the country. According to the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2018-19 by the Ministry of Education, women constitute nearly 43 per cent of the total STEM enrolments in the country; however, the disparity becomes starker with subsequent qualifications.
Only three per cent of women enrol in PhD in science and six per cent opt for a PhD in Engineering and Technology. Further, they account for only 14 per cent of the total scientists, engineers, technologists in research development institutions. This ‘leaky pipeline’ in STEM fields leads to more women dropping out and fewer women reaching higher levels as professional engineers or scientists. As per the United Nations, women constitute merely 14% of the total 280,000 scientists, engineers and technologists in research development institutions in India.
Women and Girls
Tribal and migrant girls